NATURAL ASSETS AS ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS & SERVICES: “MNAI and EAP – it is great that we have two initiatives in British Columbia that focus on the role of natural assets in supporting quality of life and property enjoyment,” stated Emanuel Machado, CAO, Town of Gibsons (Announcement #3, January 2020; register now to learn more at the COMOX VALLEY 2020 SYMPOSIUM – postponed to October due to COVID 19 pandemic)
Note to Reader:
The sustainability of core service delivery is a concern for local governments across Canada. Rather than continuing to attempt to do more with less, local governments have an opportunity to do things differently – and achieve better results – by including natural assets in asset management processes.
In British Columbia, two programs – MNAI, the Municipal Natural Assets Initiative; and EAP, the Ecological Accounting Process – are facilitating the move from awareness to action in order to account for ecological systems and services. Getting beyond consideration, and actually translating policy objectives into tangible outcomes, requires that local governments have a methodology and metrics for valuing ecological assets and services in an asset management strategy.
There is an opportunity for the curious to engage with Emanuel Machado and Tim Pringle at Comox Valley 2020!
FROM ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TO SUSTAINABLE DELIVERY OF CORE SERVICES: “Natural assets support the delivery of core local government services, while doing so much more” – quotable quote from Integrating Natural Assets into Asset Management, September 2019
What do you know about MNAI and EAP and their respective missions? Do you wonder whether they are the same, or different? Are you aware that MNAI and EAP ask different questions, are complementary approaches, and represent recent evolutions along the ‘green infrastructure continuum’ that had its genesis in the 1990s?
Are you curious and wish to learn more about EAP and MNAI? Would you like to participate in an interactive session built around Emanuel Machado, MNAI Chair, and Tim Pringle, EAP Chair? Then, the Comox Valley 2020 Symposium is what you have been waiting for! Join us in the City of Courtenay on April 23-24 for a truly unique experience.
Tim and Emanuel will share their passion in a conversation that will also engage the audience. They will NOT be “presenting at” the audience. Rather, they will go with the flow and elaborate on what it means to transform how local governments view ecological systems and the services they provide. The preview below is a window into what you can expect.
Comox Valley is an Incubator Region
For more than a decade, the Comox Valley has been an incubator region for provincially significant precedents in British Columbia. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Comox Valley local government and stewardship sectors have embraced both the EAP and MNAI programs. Seeds were planted at the transformational 2017 Comox Valley Eco-Asset Management Symposium at a time when MNAI and EAP were both embryo initiatives.
Ecological Accounting Process:
EAP is a three-stage initiative: Test / Refine / Mainstream. During 2017 and 2018, the Town of Comox was one of two Stage 1 demonstration applications that tested the concept, and demonstrated EAP relevance to local government. In 2019, two Stage 2 demonstration applications resulted in working definitions and consistent application of the EAP methodology. Next, one of six pending Stage 3 demonstration applications to mainstream use of EAP will be a Comox Valley project.
Municipal Natural Assets Initiative:
Two MNAI applications are in progress in the Comox Valley. One considers current and future roles of natural assets in the Courtenay River corridor in mitigating flood risks in the downtown core, including the costs and benefits of engineered alternatives. The other addresses the role of nature in protecting the Comox Lake regional drinking water supply, and valuing natural assets.
Act Like a Watershed: Overcoming Barriers to
The year 2015 represents the demarcation for a new era of asset management in British Columbia. The new era was launched when Asset Management for Sustainable Service Delivery: A BC Framework was released. To date, the focus of grant programs administered by the provincial government and the Union of BC Municipalities has been on transforming asset management within the constructed commons.
The BC Framework also set the stage for whole-system action by establishing expectations for maintenance and management of ecological assets within the natural commons. During the period 2015 through 2019, growing awareness that the scope of “asset management for sustainable service delivery” must eventually be expanded to encompass ecological assets resulted in the Primer on Integrating Natural Assets into Asset Management, released in September 2019.
At Comox Valley 2020, Tim Pringle and Emanuel Machado will discuss barriers and challenges currently limiting progress vis-à-vis whole-system action. They will also elaborate on work that is underway by EAP and MNAI to overcome those barriers. In sharing their stories, they will inform, educate and inspire. Their segment of the program, Module F on Day Two, will be a facilitated conversation; and will be a three-way discourse with the audience.
EAP is the culmination of a 30-year journey by Tim Pringle, EAP Chair. He has thought about and worked hard to develop and evolve a guiding philosophy, pragmatic strategy and meaningful metrics for valuing the services provided by nature.
Emanuel Machado is the Chief Administrative Officer, Town of Gibsons. He is also the MNAI Chair. He changed the local government conversation. As the ‘face of MNAI’, Emanuel’s philosophy and local government credibility continues to generate momentum for replicating the ‘Gibson’s Model’ in other communities.
Maintenance and Management (M&M) of Ecological Assets
“EAP demonstration applications have yielded three defining conclusions,” states Tim Pringle. “These go to the heart of how practitioners look at the world around us. We must be clear about what our terminology really means. We must be aware of the bias that may be inherent or implicit in our choice of words.
“So, what are key challenges in communicating a new way of doing business? First, it is insufficient to look at nature primarily as a substitute for engineered infrastructure. We are looking at a system. Without an ecological system, there are no ecological services. Therefore, it is imperative to understand the system as a whole. Everything is connected.
“Secondly, it is not yet well-understood that the constructed commons and the natural commons are parallel concepts and of equal importance. Furthermore, a stream in settled areas is a land use. Streams have a defined area and measurement of the financial value can be calculated using BC Assessment data.
“Finally, local governments have existing tools in the form of policies and legislation for ‘maintenance and management’ (M&M) of ecological assets. What they have lacked until now are a pragmatic methodology for financial valuation, and meaningful metrics for effective decision-making and implementation.”
Climate Change, Regulatory Changes and Population Growth
“MNAI is currently tackling three barriers,” states Emanuel Machado. “First and foremost, it is necessary to increase the recognition of natural assets in the Canadian public sector accounting framework. The Public Sector Accounting (PSA) Handbook currently limits the consideration of natural assets within public sector financial statements. By not placing natural assets on balance sheets, a de facto statement is made that they have no inherent value and make no economic contribution.
“Secondly, and as we emphasized in a presentation last summer to the Canadian Council of Environment Ministers, making watersheds resilient to climate change requires alignment and integration amongst all relevant agencies to ensure the ecological integrity of natural assets.
“Finally, new collaborative watershed governance models are needed to help local governments tackle climate change, regulatory changes and population growth. We are fortunate that BC has generated significant literature on watershed governance, Indigenous Co-Governance and Collaborative Consent. Given the complexity created by overlapping jurisdictions and the significance of local conditions in both watershed management challenges and solutions, it makes sense to work collaboratively to find effective solutions for our communities.”
This article is the third in a series:
- Backgrounder #1- Comox Valley on Vancouver Island: Incubator Region for Collaboration Precedents
- Backgrounder #2 – Comox Valley Conservation Partnership – “One common forum to promote and advocate for innovative local government policies, strategies and initiatives that support transformative change towards environmental sustainability,” wrote David Stapley and Tim Ennis