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When nature is utilized in an infrastructure system, it is called “green infrastructure”

"The study by the National Association of Homebuilders (NAHB) demonstrates that green infrastructure is prevalent across the United States and its use is likely to expand because of the benefits provided. As the use of green infrastructure becomes more common, builders and developers should understand the options available, as well the green infrastructure practices that may be the most practical for their region and climate," wrote Ed Shadrick.

“A provincial framework is in place and British Columbia is moving from asset management to Sustainable Service Delivery,” stated Kim Stephens in his presentation to municipal engineers at the 2016 Annual APEGBC Conference

“No longer is asset management only about hard engineered assets,” stated Kim Stephens. “Already facing a $200 billion challenge for renewal of hard infrastructure, 'Asset Management for Sustainable Service Delivery: A BC Framework' provides a financial driver for local governments to integrate watershed systems thinking and climate adaptation into asset management.”

Ian McHarg’s “Design With Nature” vision has influenced development of the Ecological Accounting Protocol

Renowned landscape architect, writer and educator Ian L. McHarg (1920-2001) was best known for introducing environmental concerns in landscape architecture. His 1969 book Design With Nature pioneered the concept of environmental planning. "The title contains a gradient of meaning. It can be interpreted as simply descriptive of a planning method, deferential to places and peoples, it can invoke the Grand Design, it can emphasize the conjunction with and, finally it can be read as an imperative. DESIGN WITH NATURE!," wrote Ian McHarg.

FLASHBACK TO 2011: The Most Efficient Infrastructure is ‘Design with Nature’ – Start With Water Sustainability (President’s Perspective – an article by Tim Pringle foreshadowed development of the Ecological Accounting Protocol)

“Designing with nature is efficient. It amounts to using income from natural capital rather than drawing down the resource,” wrote Tim Pringle. “The key principle is that settlement and ecology are equal values. This condition is prerequisite for designing with nature and it supports better control of the life-cycle costs of providing infrastructure for the built environment.”

Green Infrastructure Requirements and Incentives: What was learned from a survey of 50 municipalities across the United States

Green infrastructure is an approach to stormwater management that protects, restores or mimics the natural water cycle. "States whose communities have incorporated LID or green infrastructure into stormwater management include Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, Vermont and Washington," reports Eva Birk.

Asset Management for Sustainable Service Delivery: “Nature’s assets provide vital community infrastructure services,” explained Kim Stephens at a meeting of Metro Vancouver’s Stormwater Interagency Liaison Group (Nov 2016)

“The Ecological Accounting Protocol is the lynch-pin for Sustainable Watershed Systems, through Asset Management,” stated Kim Stephens. "The three pathways by which rainfall reaches streams are ‘infrastructure assets’. The pathways provide ‘water balance services’. With this frame of reference, local governments would then use the Ecological Accounting Protocol to develop a more complete financial picture.”

Zoning Bylaw Precedent: West Vancouver integrates Water Balance Solutions into Site Development Decision Process

The municipality has applied longstanding legislation – S.523 and S.527 of the Local Government Act – and amended its Zoning Bylaw to make a landscaping plan a building permit requirement for every lot in residential zones. “It is fair to characterize the District’s use of S.523 and S.527 as a basis for private property stormwater management and landscaping requirements as ‘cutting edge’," stated Chris Bishop.

DESIGN WITH NATURE: Renowned developer and urban thinker Jonathan Rose argues for new criteria for urban planning and development in his epic book ‘The Well-Tempered City’

"The well-tempered city is not just a dream. Our current best practices in the planning, design, engineering, economics, social science, and governance of cities are moving us closer to increasing urban wellbeing. Even if these actions have only a modest effect when taken alone, their power emerges when they are integrated. Well-tempered cities will be refuges from volatility," wrote Jonathan Rose.

Sustainable Watershed Systems: New California law recognizes meadows, streams as green infrastructure

"It’s a major shift in the way we think about conservation — nature isn’t just ‘nice to have’ but an absolutely critical piece of our water infrastructure systems,” said Genevieve Bennett. “There are hundreds of communities all over the world who understood that years ago, and started figuring out how to make sure they were protecting their water sources. And now we’re starting to see that concept making its way into higher-level policy.”