"In any journey, it helps to start with a look back from where we once came. The end of the Second World War marks the time after which cities changed the most. Many compelling reasons drove the crucial choices we made at that time," writes Patrick Condon. "It is therefore up to a new generation to coalesce around a common vision for the future -- a common vision deeply grounded in the pioneering efforts of the previous generation."
In the vein of Jane Jacobs’s The Death and Life of Great American Cities and Edward Glaeser’s Triumph of the City, Jonathan F. P. Rose—a visionary in urban development and renewal—champions the role of cities in addressing the environmental, economic, and social challenges of the 21st century. He advocates using green infrastructure to mitigate damage from destructive storms. "What's so compelling about natural systems solutions is that they not only save costs but also improve the quality of life," he contends.
"Unquestionably, many of the decisions we must make will involve financial outlays. In some cases, they will be considerable. When deciding whether or not decisions being considered are 'affordable', the CRD and local governments should ask the question: 'What will be the cost to the planet and ultimately to us, if other local governments around the world were to join us in deciding that we simply can’t afford to respond'. In all likelihood, we cannot afford not to," concluded Vic Derman.
Research at Simon Fraser University resulted in development of a framework for evaluating application of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA). “Julia Berry did a great job of integrating concepts and testing the evaluation framework on her two case cities. Hopefully the work continues to advance our understanding of how to make these concepts accessible and measurable to help guide and promote implementation," stated Sean Markey.
"We face a number of cumulative and compounding human effects that at present make sustainability a moving target. We need to stabilize these effects if we don’t want adaptation and resilience to constantly be beyond reach," said Bob Sandford. "The problem is that that we have begun to undermine the planetary conditions upon which we depend for the stability of environment and economy that are the foundation of our prosperity."
"Proactive recognition of the risks we face offers Canadians the opportunity to direct policies and investment in ways that support a more resilient future... we can draw upon a variety of tools located at different levels of government and authority," says Mike Harcourt. "Ingenuity in how we fund and incentivize resilient, green infrastructure development is essential, starting now. Part of adapting to climate change means adjusting the way governments make decisions, and create policies."
"Weather patterns like El Niño (Intensified by climate change) force us to acknowledge the vulnerability and inefficiency of the built environment," wrote Amy Norquist. "Every time we build a green roof we invite nature back into the city. We weave natural patterns of resilience and efficiency into the built environment, using softness to strengthen our design."
"Its success, and that of similar schemes across the country, should be at the heart of the 'complete rethink' of policy being officially promised in the aftermath of last month’s floods – which cost the country at least £5 billion – as climate change threatens to make them increasingly commonplace," wrote Geoffrey Lean.
“To meet the challenge of a growing population, future investment in traditional infrastructure, public health programmes and regeneration, needs to include more green infrastructure-based solutions, so London continues to be recognised as one of the greenest and most liveable big cities in the world," said Matthew Pencharz, London's Deputy Mayor. “Since 2009, £400 million has been invested in order to hold London's ‘green mega city’ status."
“Mayors are incentivized on providing safety, economic security, growth and a healthy environment for people,” says Seth Schultz. Not all C40 mayors may be direct advocates of the environment, but they’re all advocates of providing these crucial assurances to their cities, he says, and this report suggests that investing in green infrastructure is a way to do that.
A scenario comparison tool to assess green infrastructure effectiveness, achieve a lighter 'water footprint' and protect stream health. Learn More
The Water Conservation Calculator illustrates how specific water conservation measures can yield both fiscal and physical water savings for communities. Learn More
This Landscape Irrigation Scheduling Calculator uses real-time daily evapotranspiration (ET) rates determined from climate stations located within British Columbia. Learn More
This Agricultural Irrigation Scheduling Calculator uses real-time daily evapotranspiration (ET) rates determined from climate stations located within British Columbia. Learn More
The BC Agriculture Water Calculator enables water licensing for all irrigation purposes, whether agricultural or landscape. All non-domestic users of groundwater in BC are required to obtain a licence. Learn More